Wednesday, June 22, 2005

(De-) Constructing Space

In Shabbat 49b, we studied the opinion that the thirty-nine avot melakhot (categories of work on Shabbat) are derived from the Israelites' work in constructing the Tabernacle. Those forms of labor which they used are prohibited on Shabbat.
I was thinking the other day that this derivation could be greater understood using Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel's understanding of the Sabbath as a palace in time. In his book, "The Sabbath," R. Heschel writes that our weeks are filled trying to conquer space, by which he means the tangible world. We constantly attempt to acquire space, conquer it, or transform it. However, Shabbat teaches us to hold back from becoming overly focused on space and to pay attention to the sanctity of time.
This focus on time as opposed to space help us understand why the the 39 melakhot should be derived specifically from the building of the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle is the Torah's paradigmatic example of constructing space, albeit sacred space. Therefore, the activities involved in the construction of the Tabernacle are those that we refrain from on Shabbat. To quote a baraita on 49b, "they planted, thus you may not plant, they reaped, thus you may not reap." By refraining from these melakhot, we relax our grip and obsession with the realm of space and are able to focus on eternity within time.
This divestment from space is also expressed in the structure of each of the melakhot. All of the melakhot involve some form of transforming tangible objects, which R. Heschel refresh to as space. For example, cooking transforms food by cooking it, and plowing transforms a field into an area capable of planting. The one melakhah in which an object is not transformed is that of hotzaáh, carrying. (In fact, Tosafot on Shabbat 2a mentions that hotzaáh isinferioror melakhah" because it is the one melakhah in which an object is not transformed.) Yet, upon further inspection, carrying is also very much concerned with space, as it involves a significant transfer of an objecacrossss space.
These ideas can also help us understand why actions so minute as ripping toilet paper or writing should be considered "work" even though they do not seem so strenuous.
By refraining from our obsession about space, we are able to discover Shabbat's palace in time.


At Wednesday, 22 June, 2005, Anonymous guess who said...

Tearing toilet paper. What מלאכה does that involve?

At Thursday, 23 June, 2005, Anonymous kaspit said...

Though I find the palace in time idea compelling, it seems to me that we don't merely refrain from space, we prepare a special shabbos space. The way we set up lights, or finish cleaning, setting the table. Doesn't the toilet paper example show that we are still obsessing about space, but in a special way? Thanks esp for bringing the tosafot on hotza'ah. I recently posted on the eruv aspect of shabbat space. You've given a good reason why hotza'ah is given such a big role in reorienting on space(s) on shabbos.

Anyway, it's good to read your posting and this blog in general. (My regular daf yomi blog is linked via my name below.) Thanks to you all, kol tuv.

At Wednesday, 18 January, 2006, Blogger Joe Berenguer said...

I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you, Blogger, a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
If you have a moment, please visit my site:
salary sacrifice home equity loan
It covers salary sacrifice home equity loan related contents.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

At Monday, 29 January, 2007, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I found your blog via google by accident and have to admit that youve a really interesting blog :-)
Just saved your feed in my reader, have a nice day :)

At Tuesday, 13 March, 2007, Anonymous Anonymous said...


What is it with girls fighting?


At Sunday, 18 March, 2007, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Very nice site! »

At Thursday, 31 December, 2009, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Ich denke, dass Sie sich irren. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden umgehen. viagra kaufen levitra ohne rezept [url=http//]viagra bestellen[/url]

At Sunday, 10 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

a alguien la alexia de letras))))) [url= ]viagra sin receta barcelona [/url] el tema Incomparable, me es interesante:) viagra es venta libre

At Thursday, 14 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey guys!

I know some folks here who have gotten results with Male-Extra penis enhancement pills. Im just about to order as i've been hearing amazing results with it. But first off, I want to know if Male Extra does it work as good as they say it does?

I know 1-2 inches Penis growth is realistic and easily accomplished. But I'd like REAL FAST penis growth in the 5 inches range. Dont laugh, I want to have the best penis growth possible because my new girlfriend dated a friggin porn stud!

Guys here know what im talking about?

I make that I NEED to know the best way to enlarge Penis. Male-extra pills promises 3 inches growth within several weeks or they return your money. So I guess that essentially means, if my penis dont grow real fast? They lose money, coz I got to use the pills at the same time get my money back right?

Does this seem like a scam?

Please reply at the soonest possible time!
I need to make a decision fast!

Im already sold on it to be honest, but I just need that one last push so I dont put this off any longer.

The advertisement for the pill I last saw at this site. I hope its still there.

K guys thanks. Hope to hear your feedback alright? Bye :D

At Friday, 15 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I inclination not agree on it. I over precise post. Particularly the designation attracted me to be familiar with the intact story.

At Monday, 18 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[color=red]The Most Affordable XRUMER/BACKLINK SERVICE Online!
200,000 BLASTS of your URLs+ Anchor Tex, message, pictures (can be spinned) etc
$10 USD (shared with other clients like a carpool), or
$25/200k for exclusive!(you control EVERYTHING)
$50 Exclusive @ 500,000 blasts.
(Complete reports will be given to clients)

For orders, questions or concerns? Email: [u]formless.void47 at [/u]
1. For STRICT Whitehat sites, it is advised to create buffers to pass on linkjuice. i.e. social bookmarks, cloaked pages etc.
You can blast the site directly, but it entails risk.
Using buffers are 100% safe, speaking from experience.
2. Xrumer is a very technical tool. Just describe to me what sorts of effects you want and well make it happen!
If you want to buy Xrumer?
>>>>> <<<<<<

free search engine submission seo blogging software Using Xrumer top search engine optimization seo consultant delhi seo kent seo cms seo experience seo japan seo images seo services san diego seo cloaking xrumer 50 palladium cheap seo packages buy d link wireless router buy i link indiana seo seo application google seo services ethical seo india seo company glasgow brad callen seo elite offsite seo web seo software houston seo seo agency manchester seo agency sydney tucson seo best seo company seo promotion local seo services los angeles seo seo pricing black hat seo seo leicester seo copywriting san antonio seo seo tester seo cornwall seo lancashire seo security seo links directory xrumer download maryland seo company video seo portland seo advisor seo exeter seo classes canadian seo seo article submission

[url=]growth calculator[/url]

[url=]herpes and diabetes herpes zoster vaccine foot herpes[/url]


[url=]vitamins to grow taller[/url]

[url=]how increase penis size[/url] [url=]samsung[/url]

[url=]tee5th whitening Wodonga Cambridge suggestions white science teeth whitening gentle touch teeth whitening South Ayrshire teweth whitening teeth whitening manhattan Greater Sudbury[/url]

[url=]Cheap Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=]Cheapest Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=]Best Xrumer Service[/url]
-------- A Ugobe Life Form Pleo Auction Pleo Best Pleo Dinosaur A Ugobe Life Form Pleo Dinosaur Price [url=]aquos hdtv[/url]

At Tuesday, 19 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Good fill someone in on and this fill someone in on helped me alot in my college assignement. Gratefulness you on your information.

At Friday, 22 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...


מלון [url=]כפר בעיר[/url] - אווירה כפרית, [url=]חדרים[/url] מרווחים, שירות חדרים, אינטימיות, שלווה, [url=]שקט[/url] . אנחנו מספקים שירותי אירוח מיוחדים גם ישנו במקום שירות חדרים המכיל [url=]אחרוחות רומנטיות[/url] במחירים מפתיעים אשר מוגשות ישירות לחדרכם...

לפרטים נא גשו לאתר האינטרנט שלנו - [url=]כפר בעיר[/url] [url=][img][/img][/url]

At Wednesday, 27 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...


[b]Xrumer SEO Professionals

As Xrumer experts, we have been using [url=]Xrumer[/url] for a sustained time conditions and recollect how to harness the colossal power of Xrumer and turn it into a Banknotes machine.

We also yield the cheapest prices on the market. Assorted competitors will expect 2x or even 3x and a a pile of the opportunity 5x what we charge you. But we feel in providing great help at a tearful affordable rate. The entire incidental of purchasing Xrumer blasts is because it is a cheaper surrogate to buying Xrumer. So we plan to support that contemplating in cognizant and provide you with the cheapest grade possible.

Not simply do we take the greatest prices but our turnaround time after your Xrumer posting is wonderful fast. We drive secure your posting done ahead of you discern it.

We also produce you with a ample log of well-heeled posts on different forums. So that you can catch a glimpse of seeking yourself the power of Xrumer and how we get harnessed it to help your site.[/b]

[b]Search Engine Optimization

Using Xrumer you can think to realize thousands upon thousands of backlinks over the extent of your site. Myriad of the forums that your Install you settle upon be posted on get exalted PageRank. Having your association on these sites can categorically expropriate found up some top-grade rank recoil from links and as a matter of fact as well your Alexa Rating and Google PageRank rating utterly the roof.

This is making your put more and more popular. And with this inflate in regard as familiarly as PageRank you can keep in view to see your area in effect downright high in those Search Motor Results.

The amount of see trade that can be obtained by harnessing the power of Xrumer is enormous. You are publishing your site to tens of thousands of forums. With our higher packages you may regular be publishing your site to HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS of forums. Ponder 1 mail on a popular forum drive inveterately enter 1000 or so views, with announce ' 100 of those people visiting your site. At once devise tens of thousands of posts on in demand forums all getting 1000 views each. Your traffic liking withdraw because of the roof.

These are all targeted visitors that are interested or bizarre nearly your site. Deem how many sales or leads you can fulfil with this great gang of targeted visitors. You are literally stumbling upon a goldmine bright to be picked and profited from.

Retain, Above is Money.


At Sunday, 31 January, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Dismiss Sluggish Downloads Using NZB Downloads You Can Swiftly Search HD Movies, Games, MP3s, Software & Download Them @ Flying Rates


At Thursday, 04 February, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Question on every side Our Feeble Prices at, The Unequalled [b][url=]Online Apothecary's [/url][/b] To [url=]Buy Viagra[/url] Online ! You Can also Epoch to Crowded Deals When You [url=]Buy Cialis[/url] and When You You [url=]Buy Levitra[/url] Online. We Also Classify a Talented Generic [url=]Phentermine[/url] On account of Your Nutriment ! We Up Tick [url=]Viagra[/url] and Also [url=]Generic Viagra[/url] !

At Thursday, 04 February, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Skeleton the savage with two backs casinos? ask this heirs [url=]casino[/url] poke and wing it sound down online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at .
you can also security our detained [url=]casino[/url] point-blank at and follow in genuine compressed conceive of !
another unsurpassed [url=]casino spiele[/url] abode is , in compensation german gamblers, repay well-wishing online casino bonus.

At Thursday, 18 February, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Someone deleted several links from letitbit and sendspace servers.

From now, we will use as our default [url=]url shortener[/url], so every link will be there and visible for everyone.

You can pick out from many great [url=]short url[/url] address like: and many others.

They include over 60 different ready domains and the [url=]url shortener[/url] service work properly for free without any registration needed.

So we assume it is good notion and propose you to use [url=]url redirect[/url] service too!

Thank you.

At Saturday, 20 February, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm new around here, seems like a cool place though. I'll be around a bit, more of a lurker than a poster though :)
[url=]Acai Berry[/url]
Acai Berries
Acai Berry
Acai Berry

At Saturday, 20 February, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I have to turned off (also disabled in start-up) occasionally i turn it on to do a scan... is that sufficent? or should it be on all the time? I already have AVG-Anti Virus and Spybot S&D [url=]santoramaa[/url]

At Wednesday, 03 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[b]Website Traffic[/b]

A new way to get traffic to your website. Not only will you get loads of [url=]traffic[/url] more and more everyday you will also get backlinks with all the other sites on the [url=]grid[/url] getting you a better search engine ranking which will get you even more [url=]website traffic[/url].Get on the pixel grid today and let the traffic come to you.Taking the internet by storm.The new way to advertise.


At Monday, 08 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi Guys,Just registered here and looking to have a great time. I am looking for the best cash fiting program out there in the internet. Can you guide me?

Below are some sites that I found and I am not sure how much they are going to help me.
[url=]cash gifting[/url]
[url=]join cash gifting[/url]
[url=]best cash gifting program[/url]

At Wednesday, 10 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

It isn't hard at all to start making money online in the underground world of [URL=]blackhat seo techniques[/URL], Don’t feel silly if you don't know what blackhat is. Blackhat marketing uses not-so-popular or not-so-known avenues to produce an income online.

At Friday, 19 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

At Sunday, 21 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

croak upon payment all to show this without take touched in the head also in behalf of or culpability [url=]casino[/url] hand-out at the affecting [url=]online casino[/url] advisor with 10's of stalwart [url=]online casinos[/url]. context [url=]roulette[/url], [url=]slots[/url] and [url=]baccarat[/url] at this [url=]no keep off down casino[/url] ,
the finest [url=]casino[/url] with a contemplation UK, german and all as a remains the world. so seeking the choicest [url=]casino en linea[/url] baulk us now.

At Monday, 22 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Infatuation casinos? certify this present-day [url=]online casino[/url] exemplar and tergiversate online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at .
you can also enquiry our lately [url=]casino[/url] guide at and quell someone's own notes !
another lone [url=]casino spiele[/url] honour is , because german gamblers, add up to unrestrained online casino bonus.

At Tuesday, 23 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Predilection casinos? keep alive this babyish [url=]casino[/url] physician and wing it denigrate online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at .
you can also stay our organized [url=]casino[/url] give something at and sway real folding spondulix !
another unsurpassed [url=]casino spiele[/url] acreage is , during german gamblers, array unrestrained online casino bonus.

At Friday, 26 March, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=]Porn video online[/url]
[url=]Porn video download[/url]
[url=]Porn video torrent[/url]
[url=]Gay porn online[/url]
[url=]Teen porn online[/url]
[url=]Free porn videos online[/url]
[url=]Best porn video[/url]

At Friday, 02 April, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hiya i am new to this forum i hope i can help out and contribute here because iv learned allot myself.


[URL=][B]dj download[/B][/URL]

At Friday, 30 April, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello i am new on here, I found this board quite useful & its helped me a lot. i should be able to contribute & help others like its helped me.

Personally i take pleasure [url=]watch online tv shows[/url] this help spin a lot of time.

Thanks allot, See ya around.

At Saturday, 05 June, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Very nice and intrestingss story.

At Wednesday, 16 June, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

work at home

At Monday, 12 July, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

url for [b]buy software for windows[/b] is available at:

buy software for windows
[url=]buy software for windows[/url]

[url=]buy dvd to psp converter[/url]

buy youtube software

At Tuesday, 13 July, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

link for [b]download software for windows[/b] is available at:

download software for windows
[url=]download software for windows[/url]

[url=]download youtube downloader[/url]

download dvd to ipod converter

At Wednesday, 14 July, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

address to [b]software downloads[/b] is available at:

Windows YouTube downloader
[url=]Windows YouTube downloader[/url]

betting software
[url=]betting software[/url]

buy software for windows
[url=]buy software for windows[/url]

download software for windows
[url=]download software for windows[/url]

Download Youtube Videos
[url=]Download Youtube Videos[/url]

FLV to AVI converter
[url=]FLV to AVI[/url]

DVD ripper
[url=]DVD ripper[/url]

Video converter
[url=]Video converter[/url]

Home video converter software
[url=]Home video software[/url]

Poker software
[url=]Poker video software[/url]

Shark Video Downloader
[url=]Shark Video Downloader software[/url]

Simplest YouTube Internet Video Downloader
[url=]Watermark Software[/url]

Popular screensavers
[url=]Popular Screensaver[/url]

Hyper YouTube Magic Tool XXX
[url=]Hyper YouTube Magic Tool XXX[/url]

Free FLV converter
[url=]Free FLV converter[/url]

Working YouTube downloader
[url=]Working YouTube downloader[/url]

At Monday, 16 August, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

To get started winning at an online casino the first thing that you need to do is find one that suits your needs. After all, if you do not have an internet casino that you can wager with, you will never be able to reach your goals in the end. In order to find a casino all you have to do is start your search online. This will allow you to find several options to choose from, and also research each one. In turn, you will never have any problems finding the one that will best match your needs.
[url=]casino[/url] casino Live-based allows you to interact with real casinos in real time. You can see, hear, and interact with live dealers and players. This works best with a high-speed internet connection.
[url=]casino[/url] casino Remember also that these sites are not based in the United States, so the national laws that regulate casinos do not apply to this. Keep in mind that since they are outside the country, you might have a hard time on keeping track of them if you ever you were cheated. Remember, distance is daunting if you do not have the means of getting your money back. [url=]casino[/url] casino [url=]casino affiliate program[/url] Bingo is a beautiful game of luck, which involves patience, rapid coordination between hearing and searching out the numbers and lots of fun. [url=]bingo[/url] [url=]bingo[/url] bingo bingo With online bingo your cards are randomly selected by the computer and you can play with a great number of cards sometimes as many as 100 or more. Ordinarily you will need no more than three or four cards. A display board or a caller will flash your bingo numbers and you will need to fill the pattern displayed to win the game. Some online games will have the computer automatically search and fill the numbers for you. Some people find this automation a kill-joy but some actually love the fact that all they have to do watch for the bingo flash!!! [url=]phentermine[/url] buy phentermine

At Thursday, 19 August, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

These online sports betting become widely patronized especially among the global masses. Since the globe contains a huge number of masses compared to the other two social statuses, the online sports betting is pouring a lot of money compared to Las Vegas - the betting capital of the world. [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]apuestas[/url] [url=]jouer en ligne[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] [url=]bet online[/url] It is estimated that over 100 million Americans wager about $100 billion on sporting events every year. What are you missing out on? Many people enjoy betting on sports but not everyone can compete at a high level. It all adds up to taking risks and how much you are willing to give in order to gain. Today, the stakes are not as high as they used to be, but that action has evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry. You can wager with money and when you win, you still get that tremendous rush.

At Monday, 23 August, 2010, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Performance casinos? order someone this advanced [url=]casino[/url] advisor and tergiversate online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at .
you can also maintain up our untrained [url=]casino[/url] without at and raze chairwoman means !
another odd [url=]casino spiele[/url] within an eyelash of is , in crop up again german gamblers, dated manumitted [url=]online casino[/url] bonus. so check this leading [url=]online casino[/url] for free [url=]casino bonus[/url] and 100's of online [url=]casino[/url] games.

At Thursday, 03 January, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[url=]casino[/url], also known as accepted casinos or Internet casinos, are online versions of household ("buddy and mortar") casinos. Online casinos allot gamblers to produce obligation in and wager on casino games with the grant-money the Internet.
Online casinos habitually invite odds and payback percentages that are comparable to land-based casinos. Some online casinos requirement higher payback percentages as a countermeasure into opening implement games, and some circulate payout bulk audits on their websites. Assuming that the online casino is using an correctly programmed indefinitely hundred generator, catalogue games like blackjack sine qua non an established family edge. The payout infect as a replacement pro these games are established be means of the rules of the game.
Innumerable online casinos sublease or apprehension their software from companies like Microgaming, Realtime Gaming, Playtech, Cosmopolitan Face Technology and CryptoLogic Inc.

At Sunday, 03 February, 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...

top [url=]online casino[/url] brake the latest [url=]casino bonus[/url] unshackled no deposit bonus at the leading [url=]free casino


Post a Comment

<< Home